Clin Case Rep Int | Volume 5, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Prevalence of ESBL Encoding Genes in Acinetobacter baumannii Strains Isolated from Various Samples of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Mymensingh

Hosne Ara*

Department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

*Correspondance to: Hosne Ara 

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of ESBL genes among A. baumannii isolates. In this cross sectional study, 49 Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from various clinical samples from March 2019 to February 2020 conducted in the Department of Microbiology Mymensingh Medical College. Clinical samples including endotracheal aspirates, wound swab/pus, urine and blood. A total of 380 samples were analyzed. Growth was obtained in 34.21% of the samples yielding 130 organisms. Out of 130 organisms, 49 (37.69%) were Acinetobacter spp. Among 49 Acinetobacter spp, 39 (79.59%) were Acinetobacter baumannii which was identified by PCR targeting OXA- 51 like gene. Amplification of the ESBL encoding genes, namely CTX-M, TEM, SHV done by molecular technique PCR. The most antibacterial resistance was against ceftriaxone (79.48%) and lower resistance only showed in colistin (12.82%). All the isolates were sensitive to tigecycline. The distribution of ESBLs genes such as TEM 20 (51.28%), CTX-M 16 (41.02%) and SHV 0 (0%). The high resistance to most of the antibiotics among the studied strains and also a high prevalence of TEM gene in A. baumannii strains found in our study gives alarming sign towards the treatment complexity of these strains.

Keywords:

Acinetobacter baumannii; Antimicrobial resistance; extended-spectrum-β-lactamase

Citation:

Ara H. Prevalence of ESBL Encoding Genes in Acinetobacter baumannii Strains Isolated from Various Samples of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Mymensingh. Clin Case Rep Int. 2021; 5: 1251.

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