Clin Case Rep Int | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Exergaming Plus Conventional Treatment on the Functionality of a Patient with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - Case Report

Bezerra MAM1, Corrêa LA2, Telles GF2, Nogueira LAC2,3*

1Department of Physical Therapy, Pedro Ernesto University Hospital, Brazil
2Department of Rehabilitation Science, Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Brazil
3Department of Physiotherapy, Federal Institute of Rio de Janeiro (IFRJ), Brazil

*Correspondance to: Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira 

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Abstract

Introduction: Balance training has been used for patients who had undergone Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Exergaming allows the user to interact directly with the multidimensional environment and has been used to provide a realistic environment in physiotherapy settings. Thus, this study aimed to describe the effects of the combination of exergaming and conventional physiotherapy on the functionality after ACL reconstruction. Material and Methods: A 43-years-old male was referred to a rehabilitation program due to an ACL reconstruction. A combination of exergaming and conventional physiotherapy was conducted for twenty weeks. Outcome measures included the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Cincinnati Knee Score, 10-Metre Walk Test (10 MWT), vertical jump test, Single-Leg Hop Test (SLHT), and Single-Leg Triple Hop Test (SLTHT). Data were collected at four-time points: week 10 after surgery, week 20 after surgery, week 30 after surgery, week 40 after surgery (followup). Results: There was improvement in IKDC, week 10= 43.68 and week 40= 85.05; Cincinnati Knee Score, week 10= 63 and week 40= 80). Functional tests also showed higher values at the end of treatment: 10 MWT (week 10= 1.52 m/s and week 40= 3.55 m/s), jump test (week 10= 117 cm and week 40= 180 cm), SLHT (week 20= 387 cm and week 40= 526 cm) and SLTHT (week 20= 387 cm and week 40= 526 cm). Conclusion: Adding exergaming to conventional physiotherapy may be beneficial to achieve functional improvements after ACL reconstruction.

Keywords:

Anterior cruciate ligament; Rehabilitation; Virtual reality; Knee

Citation:

Bezerra MAM, Corrêa LA, Telles GF, Nogueira LAC. Exergaming Plus Conventional Treatment on the Functionality of a Patient with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - Case Report. Clin Case Rep Int. 2022; 6: 1309.

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