Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 0.285**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2638-4558
  • DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Genetics
  •  Tuberculosis
  •  Allergy & Immunology
  •  Epilepsy and Seizures
  •  Dentistry and Oral Medicine
  •  Sports Medicine
  •  Inflammation
  •  Traumatology

Abstract

Citation: Clin Case Rep Int. 2022;6(1):1400.DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558.1400

An Interesting Case of Infratentorial PML Mimicking Lateral Medullary Infarct

Dole SS and Pujari SS

Department of Neurology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, India

*Correspondance to: Shreya S Dole 

 PDF  Full Text Case Report | Open Access

Abstract:

Introduction: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by John Cunningham (JC) virus, affects up to 2% to 7% of HIV positive patients. It is postulated to be a reactivation of JC virus in a severely immunocompromised state, to manifest as a multifocal inflammatory white matter disease of the brain, commonest in supratentorial region. We present a case of subacute ataxia and bulbar weakness in an undiagnosed HIV patient, mimicking a lateral medullary infarct. Case Details: A 57 year old patient, not previously undiagnosed to have HIV infection, presented with slurring of speech and imbalance, 3 weeks after COVID-19 pneumonitis. MRI brain showed diffusion restriction with corresponding FLAIR hyperintensities in right lateral medulla. However, patient had progressive worsening of dysarthria and sensorium, warranting us to dig deeper and unmask HIV disease and a low CD4 cell count, thus helping us clinching the diagnosis of infratentorial presentation of PML. Conclusion: Isolated medullary involvement in PML is an even rarer presentation of this rare disease seen in immunocompromised individuals.

Keywords:

Cite the Article:

Dole SS, Pujari SS. An Interesting Case of Infratentorial PML Mimicking Lateral Medullary Infarct. Clin Case Rep Int. 2022; 6: 1400.

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