Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 0.285**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2638-4558
  • DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Medical Radiography
  •  Sleep Medicine and Disorders
  •  Neurological Surgery
  •  Food Science
  •  Trauma
  •  Sports Medicine
  •  Neonatology
  •  Anatomy


Citation: Clin Case Rep Int. 2023;7(1):1589.DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558.1589

Caudal Regression Syndrome – Example of Structural Malformation with Normal Karyotype after IVF

Bebek M, Blagaic V2*, Harni V, Bilandzic J, Stritov PB2 and Pavelic E

School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Hospital Sveti Duh, Croatia
Polyclinic Harni, Zagreb, Croatia

*Correspondance to: Vladimir Blagaic 

 PDF  Full Text Case Report | Open Access


Introduction: Caudal Regression Syndrome (CRS) is a syndrome of unknown pathogenesis characterized by multiple anomalies involving genitourinary system, anorectal anomalies, defects in caudal part of vertebral column and various anomalies of lower extremities. Case Report: We present the case of CRS which is the first case of this syndrome after in vitro Fertilization (IVF) to the best of our knowledge. Female patient age 40, who suffered from hyperthyroidism and was on Propylthiouracil (PTU) therapy, was treated for secondary infertility and had undergone IVF and Embryonic Transfer (ET). In the 13th week of pregnancy cell free DNA test was performed due to nuchal translucency measurement of 2.9 mm, which showed no abnormalities. In the week 18 sonographic examination showed multiple fetal anomalies affecting mainly the caudal part, accompanied by decreased fetal movements with preserved upper extremity movements. Also, Single Umbilical Artery (SUA) was detected. Conclusion: Numerous theories regarding pathogenesis of CRS have been proposed. Two of them - vascular steal theory and possible dysfunction of caudal mesoderm – have gained most attention. However, pathogenesis of CRS remains incompletely understood. Possible connection between IVF or PTU therapy and CRS development should be taken into account until proven otherwise.


Caudal regression syndrome; Structural malformation; In vitro fertilization; Propylthiouracil

Cite the Article:

Bebek M, Blagaic V, Harni V, Bilandzic J, Stritov PB, Pavelic E. Caudal Regression Syndrome – Example of Structural Malformation with Normal Karyotype after IVF. Clin Case Rep Int. 2023; 7: 1589.

Search Our Journal

Journal Indexed In

Articles with Grants

Central Nervous System Infections Associated with the SARS-CoV-2 Virus
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
Cumulative Rate and Factors Associated with Self- Reported Work Disability among Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Data from the Province of Cordoba, Argentina
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
View More...