Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 0.285**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2638-4558
  • DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Transplantation Medicine
  •  Nephrology
  •  Veterinary Sciences
  •  Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  •  Gerontology
  •  Sports Medicine
  •  Hepatology
  •  ENT


Citation: Clin Case Rep Int. 2022;6(1):1420.DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558.1420

Pathological Aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury: Role of Biomarkers and Current Drug Therapy

Ayansh Kaushik and Shamsher Singh

Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, India

*Correspondance to: Shamsher Singh 

 PDF  Full Text Research Article | Open Access


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the most common cause of illness and mortality worldwide, affecting millions of people. It is brought on by car accidents, falls, and assault. The primary insult of TBI occurs at impact, which leads to subsequent damage and a cascade of cellular processes. Other variables that contribute to subsequent TBI insult include excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation, apoptosis, necrosis, mitochondrial malfunction, and lipid peroxidation. Secondary damage during TBI must be treated in order to avoid its development and additional neurodegeneration. However, no specific drug is available to prevent secondary insult in TBI, but alternative medications such as anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and corticosteroids are preferred. There are various diagnostic markers used to confirm the injury stage and its progressions such as HMGB1, Tenascin-c, S100B proteins, ghrelin, UCHL-1, and others. We investigated the causes of TBI, the prognostic relevance of biomarkers, and the current treatment strategies in this review.


Traumatic brain injury; Biomarkers; HMGB1; UCHL-1; Diagnostic techniques

Cite the Article:

Kaushik A, Singh S. Pathological Aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury: Role of Biomarkers and Current Drug Therapy. Clin Case Rep Int. 2022; 6: 1420.

Search Our Journal

Journal Indexed In

Articles with Grants

Top 10 Salmonella Serovars Associated with Human Salmonellosis in Brazil (2011-2020)
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
Rapid Bilateral Visual Loss as the Initial Clinical Manifestation in Idiopathic Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
View More...