Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 0.285**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2638-4558
  • DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Plastic Surgery
  •  Cardiovascular Medicine
  •  Mental Health
  •  Hepatitis
  •  Food Science
  •  Medical Radiography
  •  Signs and Symptoms-Clinical Findings
  •  Endocrinology

Abstract

Citation: Clin Case Rep Int. 2023;7(1):1612.DOI: 10.25107/2638-4558.1612

Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Neuromuscular Blockade: A Pediatric Case Series and Concise Review of Literature

Kouna N* and Matsota P
 

2 Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, "Attikon"
University Hospital, Greece

*Correspondance to: Niki Kouna 

 PDF  Full Text Case Series | Open Access

Abstract:

Dexmedetomidine is a potent, highly selective a2-adrenoceptor agonist which has gained great popularity in the anesthesia practice during the last decades. Although its indications and clinical applications have been expanded due to its unique sedative response and safe cardiovascular and respiratory profile, its interaction with non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents has not been extensively studied and results are conflicting. In this article we aimed to present a review of the existing literature investigating the effects of dexmedetomidine on neuromuscular blockade. We also present a case series of 20 pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia in whom infusion of dexmedetomidine 0.5 mcg/kg ten minutes before the induction of anesthesia was found to significantly reduce the onset time of rocuronium-induced blockade. More studies are needed to further prove this effect.

Keywords:

Dexmedetomidine; Neuromuscular blockade; Rocuronium; Onset time; General anesthesia

Cite the Article:

Kouna N, Matsota P. Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Neuromuscular Blockade: A Pediatric Case Series and Concise Review of Literature. Clin Case Rep Int. 2023; 7: 1612.

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